Suicide Bombings in Crowded Baghdad Market Kill at Least 32

By Jane Arraf

Such attacks, once common in the Iraqi capital, have become rarer in recent years as U.S.-backed Iraqi forces have largely defeated the Islamic State.

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At least 32 people were killed and 100 wounded by the bombings at a market near Tayaran Square Thursday morning. Officials said it was the deadliest attack in Baghdad since 2017.CreditCredit...Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

BAGHDAD — Two suicide bombers detonated explosive vests in a crowded market in central Baghdad on Thursday morning, killing at least 32 people in the biggest such attack in several years, according to the government.

The health and interior ministries, which reported the death toll, said that at least 100 were wounded. Officials said it was the deadliest attack in Baghdad since January 2017.

“The first suicide bomber blew himself up after pretending to be sick to gather people around him,” said Maj. Gen. Khalid al Muhanna, a spokesman for the interior ministry. He said the bomber had fallen to the ground and then detonated the vest after people rushed to help him. The second bomber detonated his explosive nearby minutes later.

The Islamic State claimed responsibility for the attacks, saying they were aimed at Iraqi Shiite Muslims, according to the SITE Intelligence Group. The Islamic State is a Sunni Muslim terrorist group, which has been regaining strength in Iraq since it was vanquished from the territory it held in the region in 2019.

The Iraqi and U.S. governments have declared ISIS largely defeated in Iraq, and the United States is withdrawing most of its troops from the country, saying Iraq is now capable of fighting ISIS on its own.

But Iraq has relied on U.S. support for intelligence and surveillance as well as air power. The two countries have launched wide-ranging negotiations on the future of their relationship, and are discussing whether some U.S. military advisers would remain.

Four years after the last Iraqi city was liberated from ISIS, Iraqi security forces are still battling pockets of fighters, mostly in the desert near the Syrian border and in mountain hide-outs in north-central Iraq.

The ISIS cells, a tiny remnant of the group that took over a third of Iraq in 2014, have primarily targeted security forces.

Though Iraqi officials pointed to ISIS as the most likely culprit behind the latest bombings, Iraqi bystanders at the site worried that the attack was linked to rising political tensions before elections set for October. The vote was postponed from June after the election authorities said they would not be ready in time.

ImageThe outdoor market, near Tayaran Square, was crowded with shoppers when the attacks occurred.
The outdoor market, near Tayaran Square, was crowded with shoppers when the attacks occurred.Credit...Ivor Prickett for The New York Times

“It’s because of the elections — they are fighting for positions,” said Hussein Nahi, a porter at the scene who was wheeling goods in a wooden cart when the first bomber detonated his explosives. “This is because of disputes by the politicians, because always when elections are close, we pay the price.”

The outdoor market, near Tayaran Square, was crowded with shoppers buying new and used clothing when the attacks took place. The blasts targeted the city’s working poor, as previous ISIS attacks have.

A few hours after the explosions, fruit and vegetable sellers with stalls piled with oranges and persimmons reopened for business, while a few feet away city workers hosed down blood from the streets. One neighborhood resident, wearing a black cloak covering her hair, held up a bloodstained high-top white sneaker.

“These people who were killed were just selling shoes and clothes,” shouted Hannan Hassan, 72. “These corrupt politicians are fighting for their positions.”

She referred to a slogan of protesters whose demonstrations demanding an end to corruption and the provision of basic public services brought down the government in 2019.

Iraqi security forces and allied militia fighters killed hundreds of unarmed young people during those protests. Prime Minister Mustafa al-Kadhimi took office pledging early elections and reform, but one of his main challenges has been reining in Iran-backed militias.

Volunteer forces that answered a call by Iraq’s most senior Shiite cleric to fight ISIS along with Iran-backed paramilitaries played a major role in fighting ISIS near Baghdad in 2014. Many units were later incorporated into Iraq’s official security forces, but the most powerful of them remain largely outside the control of government.

Falih Hassan contributed reporting.