Generally, Central American countries are at the more expensive end of the table, though it must be said, not considerably so. Many Central American countries have comparatively slow broadband compared to North America and Europe. Again the problem of low uptake leads to less healthy markets and greater expense.
Mexico offers the cheapest broadband in the region on average, coming in 63rd in the global league with an average package price of $33.15. Belize is the most expensive in the region with an average package price of $62.54.
CIS is by far and away the cheapest region in the world for broadband, with 11 of its 12 countries comfortably in the top half of the table, nine in the top quarter and four in the top ten. Ukraine is the cheapest country in the region for broadband with an average package price of just $6.64, followed in third place overall by the Russian Federation ($7.35), fifth place Belarus ($9.87) and eighth place Kazakhstan ($11.10).
Broadband infrastructure is well developed throughout most of the region, with healthy competitive markets for the most part. Exceptions are Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, whose relatively sparse populations do little to foster a healthy broadband marketplace.
All 13 countries in the Eastern Europe region fell within the top 65 cheapest in the world. Only one country in this region made it into the top ten, however: Romania, in fourth place overall with an average broadband package cost of $8.15.
Broadband in Eastern Europe is not only cheap, but (much like the Baltic region) very quick due to high saturation of FTTP. Many of these countries find themselves among the top 50 fastest countries in the world. Bucking no trends here as, once again, where broadband is quick, it's also cheap.
Here is a quick look at some of the highlights unearthed in the study
Coming from 7th place when this sample was last taken, war-torn Syria offers, on average, the world's cheapest broadband packages. It should be noted however that this is largely due to the ongoing collapse of the Syrian Pound.
Broadband in Ukraine is fast and cheap, though take-up is still relatively low – around half the population has internet access compared to 90% in the UK, for example.
Russian broadband is cheap and fast, with both ADSL and FTTH offered in major cities. Providers offer speeds of up to 700Mbps at an average price of just $9.77 per month.
With an average package price of just $8.15 per month and speeds of up to 1Gbps, Romanian broadband is also cheap, fast and abundant. Dominated by FTTH fibre, the slowest speeds available are still an impressive 50Mbps.
The five most expensive consumer broadband packages on the planet are found in Mauritania ($1333.78), Tanzania ($1488.11), Mauritania ($4386.95), Yemen ($8333.33) and Eritrea ($15051.29).
The expense comes from a combination political climate, warfare, of extremely low take-up (no economy of scale) and the fact that in most cases the price you pay will go in large part to actually building a physical line to your property since few already exist. These 'works costs' rise exponentially the further your abode sits from each country's main urban centres.
The five cheapest packages come from Hungary ($1.66), Kyrgyzstan ($1.26), Nepal ($0.87), Bulgaria ($0.85), and Iran ($0.31).
When it comes to cheapest, though, don't expect a fast (or even in some cases, reliable) connection for the most part, with Iran, Nepal and Kyrgyzstan all offering relatively slow speeds and somewhat limited availability. Bulgaria and Hungary are the exceptions here, with broadband that is not only cheap, but also extremely fast thanks to widespread deployment of FTTH fibre.
A quick glance is enough to see that, generally speaking, the most expensive countries in the world for broadband are also some of the slowest. All of them average less that 5Mbps, which is too slow to stream an HD movie – something you're sure to want if you're paying $250 or more for your broadband every month.
Yemen, one of the most expensive country recorded in this year's study, is also one of the slowest in the world, offering average speeds of just 0.38Mbps – too slow even for standard definition video.
Of the five cheapest countries for broadband, Iran is the only country with average measured speeds low enough (2.2Mbps) to compare with those of the five most expensive. In all other cases the speeds offered by the five cheapest exceed those of the five most expensive.
This should come as no major surprise. As a general rule, countries which offer cheap broadband do so as a result of having a homogeneous, reliable infrastructure and a healthy, competitive marketplace with a large number of providers.
The Asian region is something of a mixed bag – one of the few regions that truly spans the entire width of the table, being neither dominantly cheap nor dominantly expensive.
Bhutan, Iran, Vietnam, Nepal, Mongolia and India all fall in the top 20 cheapest countries, while Laos, Hong Kong, Timor-Leste, Maldives and Brunei Darussalam all sit in the most expensive half of the table. Bhutan is the sixth-cheapest country in the world for broadband on average, while Singapore offers the best value, with a staggeringly low $0.03 average cost per megabit.
The Baltic region consists of only three countries: Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia. All three have a reputation for very fast broadband, thanks to each country's dominant application of FTTH as the leading technology.
In all three countries, the focus on pure fibre has led not only to some of the fastest broadband packages in the world (up to 1Gbps), but also some of the cheapest, with Lithuania also offering some of the best value broadband in the world at just $0.06 per megabit per second, per month.
Every country in this region sits comfortably in the top 60 least expensive countries to get a broadband deal, with Lithuania sneaking into the top ten.
Caribbean nations and territories sit almost universally in the most expensive end of the table, largely thanks to their problematic geography. Caribbean nations have been more hesitant in adopting fixed-line broadband solutions, largely favouring mobile broadband and 3G/LTE solutions as a means to get online.
Where available, fixed-line broadband is an expensive commodity whose limited uptake is exacerbating these high prices in many cases. Saint Martin (France) has the cheapest broadband in the Caribbean with an average package price of $24.65, while British Virgin Islands offer the most expensive, with an average package price of $179.00.
The Near East is a little unusual. As a geographic region it encompasses a variety of different technological cultures with uptake, speed and price varying wildly across the board.
At the cheapest end of the region we have Syria, Turkey and Israel coming in first, 16th and 30th globally. The Arab States, however, fare far worse, coming in towards the bottom end of the table, generally speaking. Qatar ($109.87), United Arab Emirates ($115.97), Bahrain ($145.89) and Yemen ($2466.67) are all found among the quarter most expensive countries, with the latter being the second most expensive in the world.
Only four Northern Africa nations offered qualifying broadband packages, with Western Sahara the most notable absentee, but Libya making it into the study for the first time ever.
Perhaps surprisingly – compared to the generally very expensive Sub-Saharan African nations – all countries in Northern Africa bar Libya fell within the top 100 cheapest countries in the world. Egypt fared particularly well, making it into the top 20 cheapest countries in the world for broadband, with an average package price of just $13.82. Tunisia also fared well in 20th place overall and an average package price of $14.28.
There are only four countries considered Northern America: Canada, the United States, Greenland and Bermuda. Conversely to what one might expect, this region is on the expensive side, with only Canada making into the top 100 cheapest in 69th place with an average broadband package price of $34.86.
Both Greenland and Bermuda can blame their expensive packages on geography and uptake, but what about the United States? At $50.00 on average and coming in in 119th place worldwide, one would expect American packages to be considerably cheaper. But while broadband in the United States is widely available and uptake is high, lack of competition in the marketplace means Americans pay far more than they should compared to much of the rest of the world.
No two ways about it, Oceania is expensive across the board. Of the 13 qualifying countries in the region only New Caledonia makes it into the top 100 cheapest in 79th place overall, and with an average package price of $39.02.
Much like the Caribbean, the primary reason for expense across the region is the numerical dominance of the island states. Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Vanuatu and others could all be described as geographically remote when compared alongside the world's continental states. As a result of logistical difficulties, populations have learned to rely heavily on mobile 3G/LTE to stay connected, keeping uptake low and pricing high on fixed-line broadband solutions.
All but two of South America's nine qualifying countries features in the top 100 cheapest in the world. Most notable of these is Argentina, coming in at a respectable average 11th cheapest in the world for broadband deals.
Falkland Islands are the region's outlier, coming in 193rd place, with an average broadband package price of $147.74. South America, and many of the countries within it, comprise vast landmasses, often with difficult terrain. As a rule, broadband is fairly slow in this region and more difficult to get hold of outside large conurbations.
Although this vast region contains 35 qualifying countries, it also contains the highest number of countries which failed to qualify due to insufficient or non-existent fixed-line broadband packages. The absentees are: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Gambia, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kiribati, Liberia, Malawi, Rwanda, Senegal, Sudan, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Chad, Uganda and Zambia.
Most Sub-Saharan African nations fall in the bottom half of the table, and the region also contains the greatest density of countries among the ten most expensive in the world: Mozambique, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Mauritania and Eritrea.
Of the 29 qualifying countries in Western Europe, none made it into the top or bottom 10% of the table. France, Germany, Andorra, Italy and Monoco lead the way, offering theon average in the region. At the other end of the scale, Liechtenstein, Norway, Switzerland, Faroe Islands and Jersey form the five most expensive.
It's a pretty unreadable pattern, largely thanks to differing technological cultures with varying levels of adoption. Jersey is of particular note as despite being the most expensive, it offers the third-best value in the region with a cost per megabit per second of just $0.17. This is thanks to the 100% universal availability of FTTH on the island, delivering very high average speeds.
Downloadable versions of the data set (.xls), the original press release and the research methodology (.pdf)
This .xlsx file contains the complete data set for this year and the two years preceding.
If you wish to see the original press release for this research, you can download it here as a PDF.
An in-depth research methodology which answers most questions concerning method, omissions and inclusions.
Consumer telecoms analyst