Former Disney CEO Bob Iger quit Apple's board of directors last September. He resigned because Apple's bets on original TV shows and movies meant it was competing more and more with Disney, he told CNBC. Apple's board still boasts CEO Tim Cook, former Vice President Al Gore, and ex-Boeing CFO James Bell. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories.
Apple's board of directors lost Bob Iger, Disney's CEO at the time, in September 2019. Iger resigned because Apple's shift towards creating TV shows and movies meant the two companies' paths were "conflicting rather than converging," he told CNBC. "I just thought it was the right thing to do," he added. Apple's board still boasts CEO Tim Cook, former Vice President Al Gore, and Boeing's ex-CFO James Bell. Here are the tech titan's seven directors:Tim Cook
Age: 59 Notable past and present roles: Apple director (2011 -present); Apple CEO (2011 - present); Apple COO (2005 - 2011); Nike director (2005 - present) Source: Apple Al Gore
Age: 72 Notable past and present roles: Apple director (2003 - present); Kleiner Perkins senior partner (2007 - present); US Vice President (1993 - 2001); US senator for Tennessee (1985 - 1993); US representative for Tennessee (1977 - 1985); subject of "An Inconvenient Truth" (2006) Source: Apple Arthur Levinson
Age: 70 Notable past and present roles: Apple director (2000 - present); Calico CEO (2013 - present); Genentech CEO (1995 - 2009); Genentech chairman (1999 - 2014) Source: Apple James Bell
Age: 72 Notable past and present roles: Apple director (2015 - present); Boeing president, executive vice president, and CFO (2008 - 2012); JPMorgan director (2011 - 2020); Dow director (2005 - present) Source: Apple Andrea Jung
Age: 61 Notable past and present roles: Grameen president and CEO (2014 - present); Avon Products CEO (1999 - 2012); Avon Products director (1998 - 2012); Wayfair director (2018 - present); Unilever director (2018 - present) Source: Apple Ronald Sugar
Age: 71 Notable past and present roles: Apple director (2010 - present); Northrop Grumman CEO and chairman (2003 - 2010); Northrop Grumman COO and president (2001 - 2003); Uber director (2018 - present); Chevron director (2005 - present) Source: Apple Susan Wagner
Age: 57 Notable past and present roles: Apple director (2014 - present); BlackRock cofounder (1988 - present); BlackRock vice chairman (2006 - 2012); Swiss Re director (2014 - present) Source: Apple
More like this (3)
Bob Iger is stepping down as the CEO of Disney after nearly 15 years with the company. Here's how the media titan makes and spends his $690 million fortune.
Bob Iger has stepped down as CEO of The Walt Disney Company after 15 years in...Bob Iger has stepped down as CEO of The Walt Disney Company after 15 years in the role, the company announced on Tuesday. He now assumes the role of executive chairman, a position he will hold until the end of his contract on December 31, 2021. In addition to being deemed Time's Businessperson of the year last year, Iger was known as one of the most influential and innovative business leaders in Hollywood. He started his career in a lowly position at ABC and spent over 40 years working at what's now The Walt Disney Company. Iger was at the helm of the company during Disney's acquisitions of Pixar, Marvel, Lucasfilm, and most recently, 21st Century Fox. Iger has also built up a sizeable net worth of $690 million, making him significantly richer than the current Disney heir, according to Forbes. Visit Business Insider's homepage for more stories. Bob Iger isn't called the "King of Hollywood" for nothing — but now, the "king" is retiring. On Tuesday, Disney announced Iger will step down as CEO after his 15-year tenure at the helm of the company. He will be replaced by Bob Chapek, formerly the chairman of Disney Parks, Experiences and Products. Iger will now assume the role of executive chairman, and will help the company transition until the end of his contract on December 31, 2021. "With the successful launch of Disney's direct-to-consumer businesses and the integration of Twenty-First Century Fox well underway, I believe this is the optimal time to transition to a new CEO," Iger said in a press statement. Iger started his entertainment career in 1974 as a studio supervisor at ABC and climbed through the show business ranks to become the CEO of one of the most powerful businesses in the world. Iger recounted this journey in his memoir "The Ride of a Lifetime," released in September, in which he chronicled how he went from making $150 a week doing "menial labor" on ABC shows to earning over $60 million a year running The Walt Disney Company. Since Iger became CEO on October 1, 2005, the company's stock has risen 492%. But after 45 years in the entertainment industry, Disney isn't the only thing Iger has built up — he has also amassed a sizeable personal fortune. Forbes reported that Iger has a net worth of $690 million, which is thought to be higher than that of Abigail Disney; the Disney heiress said in July she's worth about $120 million. Iger, meanwhile, was compensated $65.6 million in 2018 — which Forbes notes is 1,424 times what the average Disney employee makes. The Walt Disney Company didn't immediately respond to a request for comment from Business Insider. Here's what we know about Iger's life and rise, including how he made and now spends his multimillion fortune.SEE ALSO: Acquisitions, global growth, and Baby Yoda: How CEO Bob Iger's leadership style turned Disney into a $260 billion colossus DON'T MISS: Disney CEO Bob Iger steps down from Apple's board ahead of the launch of the tech company's new streaming service Bob Iger was known as being one of the most influential business leaders in the world. He was CEO of Disney from 2005 to 2020 and has a net worth of $690 million, per Forbes' estimates. Forbes reports that Iger's net worth is actually higher than the Abigail Disney's. The Disney heiress said in July that she's worth about $120 million. On December 3, the Television Academy announced that Iger — along with Seth MacFarlane and Cicely Tyson, among several others — would be inducted into the Hall of Fame. The 25th Hall of Fame Ceremony will take place on January 28 at the Television Academy's Saban Media Center, according to the Hollywood Reporter. He was also named Time's businessperson of the year for 2019. "In a year when the tide has shifted against Big Business, Big Media and Big Tech, Iger has transformed his enormous media company into a gargantuan media and tech business while ensuring that the Walt Disney Co.'s products remain widely beloved," Belinda Luscombe wrote in Time's profile of him. "But for now, for just this moment, Iger is unassailable. He's transformed his company from a stuffy media doyen into a sexy cultural force." Iger was born Robert Allen Iger in Brooklyn, New York, and raised in the small town of Oceanside, New York. "I am very lucky," Iger told Laurene Powell Jobs at The Atlantic Festival in Washington in September. "I was a lower middle class kid or middle class. My father had manic depression so he had trouble holding a job. I started as a $150-a-week employee at ABC 45 years ago and rose up to be CEO of this company. It is a great story, but it is not necessarily because I was extraordinary." He attended Ithaca College where he graduated magna cum lade in 1973 with a degree in Television and Radio. At Ithaca College, Iger hosted a campus television show called "Campus Probe." He graduated, originally wanting to be a news anchor, and briefly worked as a local weatherman in Ithaca, New York. But he quickly realized that being a news anchor was not going to work out for him. In 1974, Iger joined ABC, working in New York City. He wrote in his memoir "The Ride of a Lifetime" that he did "menial labor" for basically every show ABC produced out of Manhattan at the time. Iger wrote in his book that he got his first job at ABC because of his uncle, who was in the hospital for eye surgery. His uncle was in the room next to someone who claimed to be a top executive at ABC, who said he would give the younger Iger a job. Iger took the "top executive" up on his offer, though he quickly realized that the person was not a "top executive" but instead a lower-level one. Still, the person ran a small department at ABC known as Production Services and was able to secure Iger an interview with the department. At age 23, Iger was brought on as a "studio supervisor." But after a confrontation with his boss, Iger was almost fired and forced to look for a new job. Soon after, he moved over to a position at ABC Sports. Iger has said that one of his bosses accused Iger of spreading rumors about him, causing the young Iger to almost be fired. "He called me in and accused me of spreading rumors about him," Iger recalled at the UCLA Awards Gala in 2013, "when I knew the rumors happened to be based in fact. He told me I wasn't promotable and I had two weeks to find another job somewhere in the company or I was gone. Fortunately, I was able to find another job in the company. They didn't think I wasn't promotable, I guess." He worked his way up the ABC Sports ladder, working closely with Roone Arledge, "a relentless perfectionist," who was the head of ABC Sports at the time. Iger wrote in his book that Arledge was the one who taught him the mantra which would follow Iger for the rest of his life: "Innovate or die." Iger went on to become the vice president of ABC Sports. ABC was later sold to Capital Cities Communications for $3.5 billion, in a deal finalized in 1986. Source: The Ride of a Lifetime, The Los Angeles Times Shortly after, Tom Murphy and Dan Burke — the heads of Capital Cities/ABC — tapped Iger to become the head of ABC Entertainment, and Iger moved to Los Angeles, California. Iger wrote in his memoir that the constant traveling put strain on his first marriage, to Kathleen Susan. Eventually, the two divorced. They have two daughters. While at the helm of ABC Entertainment, Iger was the one who took a chance and put David Lynch's "Twin Peaks" on air. The critically-acclaimed series was cancelled after two seasons, but Iger wrote in his book that the risk he took putting it on television caught the attention of other famed directors such as Steven Spielberg and George Lucas. Iger and Lucas then developed a show based on the Indiana Jones franchise, which was cancelled after two seasons. But, Iger wrote in his book, Lucas never forgot the risk Iger took on his show, and he remembered it years later when he decided to sell Lucasfilm to Disney. In 1993, Iger became president of ABC Network's Television Group. When Burke retired, Iger was tapped to replace him as president and chief operating officer of Capital Cities/ABC. Source: C-SPAN In 1995, Iger married journalist Willow Bay who, at the time, was a stand-in weekend news anchor on Good Morning America, and was poised to take over for then-full time host Joan Lunden. Iger and Bay became engaged in 1995. But after Disney agreed to buy Capital Cities/ABC that same year, Iger had quick decisions to make. At that time, he wrote in his memoir, he had been commuting weekly to Los Angeles to meet his new Disney colleagues. He knew that after the acquisition was approved, he and Bay would not have much time to honeymoon. So, they quickly married later that same year. "Willow and I also knew we'd have no chance for a honeymoon once the deal closed," he wrote. "We radically shortened our engagement and got married in early October 1995." They are still married, living in Brentwood, California, and have two children together. In 1996, The Walt Disney Company bought Capital Cities/ABC for $19 billion, and renamed it ABC, Inc. Iger wrote in his memoir that he heavily considered walking away from Disney at this point. But as part of the Disney-ABC merger, Iger agreed to run a media division at Disney for five years. In 1999, Iger became the president of Disney International, the business division overseeing Disney's global operations. A year later, he was tapped to become the chief operating officer of Disney, working directly under then-CEO Michael Eisner. Forbes reported that between 1994 and 1999, Eisner made $631 million. In the year 1997 alone, Eisner reportedly made more than $550 million. Over the years, Eisner invested his Disney money and became a billionaire by 2008 — perhaps predicting the financial path Iger is well on his way to following. Source: Variety In the early 2000s, tensions began to brew between Eisner and Roy E. Disney, the heir of Disney. After Eisner stepped down, Iger became the CEO of the Walt Disney Company in 2005. Iger wrote in his book that, despite being the COO and thereby second in command behind Eisner, his promotion to CEO was not a guarantee. If anything, he wrote, many had associated him with the turbulence of Eisner's era and wanted an outsider for the job. Iger said he campaigned for months until he was officially named CEO in 2005. Forbes reported in 2019 that in his first year as CEO, Iger made $22 million, a salary which did not include the stock options worth $2.9 million. One of Iger's first major moves as CEO was to rebuild Disney's relationship with Pixar. At the time, the relationship between Disney and Pixar was strained, and Iger felt the future of Disney Animation relied on repairing it. Before he officially became the CEO of Disney, he called to let Steve Jobs — who was the majority shareholder in Pixar — know he was being appointed CEO and shared his hope they could discuss working together in the future. From there, the two began to slowly work on repairing the fraught relationship between the two companies. Iger wrote in his memoir that he felt Disney needed Pixar to help enter the future of animation. Pixar at the time was using technologies to produce content that had never been seen before, Iger wrote in his book. Iger wanted Disney to be in on it — not just as a distributor for the films, as their previous agreement had stated, but to actually own what Pixar was bringing to the table. In 2006, Disney announced that it would acquire Pixar for $7.4 billion, making Jobs, the majority shareholder in Pixar at the time, the majority shareholder in Disney. Iger wrote in his book that the two companies were able to come together after he reached out to Jobs to forge a friendship and address any issues between the two companies. Iger and Jobs would go on to have a long friendship until Jobs passed away in 2011. A month after Jobs died, Iger joined the Apple Board, where he remained until he stepped down in 2019 ahead of launching Disney+. In 2009, Iger led Disney's acquisition of Marvel for $4 billion. This gave Disney access to the Marvel comic book library, which was the beginning of the now multibillion-dollar, box office record-breaking Marvel Cinematic Universe. Iger wrote that part of the reason Marvel CEO Ike Perlmutter was willing to sell the company was because Jobs called Perlmutter to "vouch for" Iger and praised how Iger had handled the Disney-Pixar merger. Still looking to help Disney expand into the future, in 2012, Iger led Disney's acquisition of Lucasfilm for $4.05 billion. This gave Disney control of not just the Star Wars franchise, but also the Indiana Jones franchise. Iger said that he knew Lucas was nervous to sell Lucasfim to Disney — mostly because the "Star Wars" creator knew he would be selling his legacy along with it. But eventually, Lucas warmed up to the idea. Lucas enlisted Kathleen Kennedy to lead Lucasfilm right before the company was sold to Disney. The first Star Wars film made without Lucas was released a few years later, in 2015 — "The Force Awakens," directed by J.J Abrams. The company's acquisition spree continued in 2018, when Disney agreed to buy 21st Century Fox. Fox at the time was owned by billionaire Rupert Murdoch who, after the sale, became one of the largest shareholders in Disney. Forbes reported in March that, if Murdoch were to cash in all stock available to him from the Disney deal, he owns about $10.5 billion worth of Disney stock. In addition, Variety reported that collectively, the Murdoch family members are now "the largest individual shareholders in Disney." Iger wrote in his memoir that Murdoch selling the company he had built from scratch was an indicator that the "disruption" which was threatening the entertainment industry was now inevitable. "As [Rupert Murdoch] pondered the future of his company in such a disrupted world, he concluded the smartest thing to do was to sell and give his shareholders and his family a chance to convert its 21st Century Fox stock into Disney stock, believing we were better positioned to withstand the change and, combined, we'd be even stronger," Iger wrote in his book. In March, the merger between 21st Century Fox and Disney was completed, with a price tag of $71.3 billion. This move made Disney the second-largest media company in the world, Forbes reported. Source: Forbes, Business Insider On February 25, Disney announced that Bob Iger would step down as CEO and assume the role of executive chairman until his contract expires on December 31, 2021. Iger is to be replaced by Bob Chapek, former chairman of Disney Parks, Experiences and Product. "With the successful launch of Disney's direct-to-consumer businesses and the integration of Twenty-First Century Fox well underway, I believe this is the optimal time to transition to a new CEO," Iger said in a press statement. "I have the utmost confidence in Bob and look forward to working closely with him over the next 22 months as he assumes this new role and delves deeper into Disney's multifaceted global businesses and operations, while I continue to focus on the Company's creative endeavors." Iger is known among peers for being a very kind leader and has been praised by his contemporaries for the way he has handled the mergers of Pixar, Marvel, and Lucasfilm. In the past 14 years, he has grown Disney's profits 335% to $260 billion, Business Insider reported. Forbes also reports that under Iger, Disney has created more than 70,000 new jobs. "Literally, I have never heard one person say a bad thing about him and I have never seen him be mean," billionaire David Geffen told The New York Times in a profile on Iger. "To be honorable, decent, smart, successful, and a terrific guy is unusual anywhere. But it is most unusual in the entertainment business. He's in a category of one." Iger's own increasing fortune has paralleled the rise in Disney's value over the years he's been at the helm. Forbes reports that Iger's net worth is now a staggering $690 million, making him richer than the current Disney heir, Abigail Disney, who has said she's worth about $120 million. Forbes reported that that Iger's fortune is split between his Disney shares "and cash or other investment from sales of Disney shares over the decades." According to Forbes, Iger was compensated $65.6 million in 2018, which is 1,424 times the average Disney employee's salary. He had been given another $26.3 million in stock after he successfully closed the Disney-Fox merger and for agreeing to extend his contract until 2021. His initial compensation last year was $39.3 million (not including stock rewards). In April 2019, Abigail Disney publicly criticized Iger's high pay on Twitter and later wrote an op-ed in the Washington Post elaborating on her thoughts. "I'm not arguing that Iger and others do not deserve bonuses. They do," Disney wrote. "They have led the company brilliantly. I am saying that the people who contribute to its success also deserve a share of the profits they have helped make happen." As Iger is a very private person, not much is known about his spending. He lives in a $19 million home in Brentwood, California, with his wife and their two children. They bought their Brentwood home in 2006 from actress Michelle Pfeiffer for about $19 million, the Orlando Sentinel reported that year. The home is 7,500 square feet and has five bedrooms with nine bathrooms, with a guest house, a tennis court, and a pool. As of a 2018 interview with Vogue, Iger was still living in Brentwood. The Igers also previously owned an apartment on the Upper East Side of New York City. The property sold in 2018 for $18.75 million, Business Insider reported. The Igers' former home has a library, living room views of the Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis Reservoir in Central Park, and four bedrooms, including one master suite with two bathrooms and a walk-in closet. Iger also spends time — and likely money — maintaining his mental and physical health, about which he's notoriously rigorous. He told The New York Times that he wakes up at 4:15 every morning and doesn't touch his phone until he's finished with his morning exercise routine. Iger has also said that he doesn't eat carbs unless it's pizza, recalling that during his high school years, he worked at his local Pizza Hut. When he's "off the clock," he travels. Iger is a regular attendee at the Allen & Company Sun Valley Conference in Sun Valley, Idaho. The media conference is a hub for entertainment and tech moguls, and it attracts titans like Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi and Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos. Variety reports that in 2019, Iger attended the conference along with Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg, Shari Redstone, Airbnb CEO Brian Chesky, and even former Democratic presidential candidate John Hickenlooper. Source: Business Insider Iger also spends some of his fortune on vacations. Beyond their business dealings related to Disney and Pixar, Iger was also close personal friends with Jobs and has said the two would vacation together in nearby resorts in Hawaii. "We vacationed at adjacent Hawaiian hotels a few times and would meet and take long walks on the beach, talking about our wives and kids, about music, about Apple and Disney and the things we might still do together," he wrote in his book. "You don't expect to develop such close friendships late in life, but when I think back on my time as CEO — at the things I'm most grateful for and surprised by — my relationship with Steve is one of them." In December, the former CEO and his wife committed $1 million to launch the Iger-Bay Endowed Scholarship at Iger's alma mater, Ithaca College. The scholarship aims to boost diversity in the media industry. The scholarship was funded through the proceeds from Iger's memoir "The Ride of a Lifetime." In his personal life, Iger has a set of A-list friends who have been known to rave about him. One of those friends is media mogul Oprah Winfrey, who has said that if Iger were to run for president, she would not just vote for him but eagerly campaign on his behalf. "I'll tell you the truth, this is not really where I intended to be tonight," Winfrey said at the Centennial Awards, where Iger was being honored, in October. "I was hoping that by this time in early fall, I would be knocking on doors in Des Moines, wearing an 'Iger 2020' t-shirt. Because I really do believe that Bob Iger's guidance and decency is exactly what the country needs right now." He is also close to Jeffrey Katzenberg, cofounder of Dreamworks and former chairman of Walt Disney Studios. Katzenberg has a net worth of $900 million. After Comcast bought Dreamworks in 2016 for $3.8 billion, Katzenberg's net worth rose to $900 million. Iger and Katzenberg have been friends for years, and Katzenberg is among the group of people who have been trying to encourage the Disney CEO to run for president. "No matter how much I begged Bob," Katzenberg said while presenting the Simon Wiesenthal Center Humanitarian Award to Iger in April. "He just wasn't willing to run for president of the United States." According to The Hollywood Reporter, Iger has been seen on billionaire David Geffen's yacht. In August 2017, Iger was seen on the yacht with Winfrey, Diane von Furstenberg, and Diane Sawyer. Geffen owns a megayacht, known to be a common hang-out spot for celebrities and fellow billionaires (including Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos) during the summer months, as seen on his Instagram page. As previously reported by Business Insider, the yacht is worth $590 million. Source: The Hollywood Reporter Iger has also spent his free time involved in politics in the past. Shortly after Donald Trump was elected president, Iger joined Trump's Strategic and Policy Forum. Trump's Strategic and Policy Forum was a business council created to hear the perspectives of different leaders on how to improve job growth in the US. But Iger stepped down from the role in 2017 after Trump announced the US would withdraw from the Paris Climate Agreement, Variety reported. Iger announced his resignation from the council in a tweet stating: "As a matter of principle, I've resigned from the President's Council over the #Paris Agreement withdrawal." The council, which has now completely disbanded, also included JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon, and Stephen A. Schwarzman, the cofounder of private equity firm Blackstone. In his book, Iger admitted that he once considered running for president, but ultimately decided against it. "I think the Democratic Party would brand me as just another rich guy who's out of touch with America who doesn't have any sense for what's good for the plight of the people," he told The New York Times in a September profile. Despite many people — including some major Hollywood players — urging him to run for president in late 2019, Iger publicly remained firm that he had no plans to pursue a presidential campaign. In September 2019, however, Iger did outline what would have been the central themes of his campaign, had he decided to run. "America is gravely in need of optimism, of looking at the future and believing that so many things are going to be all right, or that we as a nation can attack some of the most critical problems of our day," Iger said at The Atlantic Festival in Washington in September. "And that could be the environment, that could be income disparity, that could be the technology's impact on the world from a disruption perspective. It could be the cost of education, availability of affordable housing, healthcare. You name it."
Disney CEO Bob Iger has lived by 3 distinct principles throughout his career, from his time as a janitor to his role leading a $256 billion colossus
Bob Iger has served as CEO of The Walt Disney Co. since 2005. The company's stock...Bob Iger has served as CEO of The Walt Disney Co. since 2005. The company's stock has risen 492% since Iger assumed the role. Analysts have predicted Disney Plus could help catapult the company's stock price as much as 20% this year. Here's how Iger's leadership strategies shaped the upward trajectory of his career and the beloved brand. Click here for more BI Prime stories. Bob Iger bet big with the launch of Disney Plus, but his legacy extends well beyond the streaming service and the internet-breaking debut of Baby Yoda. While the Mouse House suspended its theme-park operations in China and Hong Kong amid this year's coronavirus outbreak, it recently debuted "Star Wars"-themed areas in two US locations. Disney parks alone are valued at about $133 billion, according to a February 5 Bernstein client note. Banking analysts predict that the company's coming projects and Disney Plus could catapult its stock price as much as 20% this year, per Markets Insider. Since Iger, who is also the company's chairman, officially became CEO on October 1, 2005, the company's stock has risen 492%. He is known for major acquisitions like Pixar in 2006, Marvel in 2009, and 21st Century Fox's entertainment assets last year. Time magazine named him its businessperson of last year, likening his tenure to "one long CEO highlight reel" but listing 2019 as his best year yet, with Disney movies grossing more than $10 billion in the global box office. As CNBC noted, the release of films like "Frozen 2" and "Avengers: Endgame" helped Disney account for nearly 40% of the US box office in 2019. Iger's streaming endeavor, Disney Plus, debuted November 12 and attracted roughly 28.6 million sign-ups in less than three months. And a recent US survey recorded half of consumers saying Disney Plus was "just as good as Netflix." Disney's 2020 film-release schedule includes "Mulan" and Marvel's "Black Widow," though some analysts say it'll be less dominant compared with the past few years given the lack of a full Avengers or "Star Wars" addition. Yet expecting massive success wasn't always the situation. A $256 billion market cap is not to be assumed. Flash back to 2005 When Iger took the helm nearly 15 years ago, Disney was in a tough spot. "We had been through a rough five-year period, with a hostile-takeover attempt, a shareholder revolt, and a battle with two prominent board members," Iger told Harvard Business Review in 2011. His first task, then, was mending relationships with the board members and allowing for internal peace. Then it was all about balancing the traditional with the contemporary and carving a place for Disney in modern times. Iger plans to step down in 2021. His contract was extended for the fifth time in 2017. It is unknown whether Disney will once again push back the CEO's retirement date. Nevertheless, he'll be remembered for more than the quantifiable achievements that benchmark his career. Underneath it all lies a solid leadership strategy, one that allowed Disney to build on the success it experienced in the 20th century to secure a foothold in the 21st. Business Insider previously reported that Iger allowed his work ethic to propel his career forward. His 4:15 a.m. wake-up time, morning workouts in near darkness, and arrival at the office early enough to make coffee for everyone speak volumes to the kind of leader he is: disciplined, focused, and strategic. He's had to be. Iger's leadership strategy started taking shape in his teenage years, when he worked odd jobs to help support himself. He started shoveling snow in the eighth grade and earned extra cash with babysitting gigs. At age 15, he worked as a summer janitor in his school district, where he scraped gums under desks, CNBC reported. "I am very lucky," Iger said at a September conference. "I was a lower-middle-class kid or middle class. My father had manic depression, so he had trouble holding a job. I started as a $150-a-week employee at ABC 45 years ago and rose up to be CEO of this company. It is a great story, but it is not necessarily because I was extraordinary." More than 45 years later, his strategy colors the highlights of his professional career. Iger often stressed that his success was a result of his outlook and approach — not his talent. Three leadership principles helped govern his career from a high-school janitor to one of the world's most influential CEOs. Practicing discipline at an early age helped build his leadership character With so many examples of how leaders can make disciples out of their employees, Iger stands apart with his discipline. From what he wrote in his 2019 book, "The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company," Iger seems to strive for an authentic presence, rather than a bigger-than-life one. "There's nothing less confidence-inspiring than a person faking a knowledge they don't possess," Iger wrote. "True authority and true leadership come from knowing who you are and not pretending to be anything else." Iger has humble beginnings: He started his career as a weatherman before pivoting to more than 20 positions within the studios of ABC Television, eventually including president of entertainment at ABC, president of ABC Television, and president and chief operating officer of Capital Cities/ABC. "As I grew older, I became more aware of my father's disappointment in himself," Iger wrote in his book. "He'd led a life that was unsatisfying to him and was a failure in his own eyes. It's part of why he pushed us to work so hard and be productive so that we might be successful in a way that he never was." With that in mind, Iger kept reaching. He joined Disney's senior management team in 1996, ascending to CEO as a Disney insider less than 10 years later. Innovation turned Disney brand into something more Even though Iger was personally familiar and steeped in the way Disney had historically done things, he wasn't afraid to explore the possibilities that the nearly century-old company hadn't developed. To him, innovation is not an end goal but a company focus. "You can't allow tradition to get in the way of innovation," Iger told Harvard Business Review. "There's a need to respect the past, but it's a mistake to revere your past." In that vein, Iger led the acquisitions of creative powerhouses such as Pixar to inject an influx of fresh thought. At the same time, he's attempted to maintain the aspects of Disney culture that keep people working there. This encompasses the overall purpose that goes into working at a company with a generations-long influence like Disney. Iger essentially wanted to preserve the feel of the brand while allowing for innovation within it — and this extends to the product level. "There's a culture and a way of life at the company that you've bought that sometimes can be integral to the creative process or the process of creating product at that company," Iger told NPR in September. "And if you go about it in too heavy-handed a way, you can destroy spirit and culture and a sense of purpose — and in doing so, destroy the very essence of what you bought, or reduce value." Optimism created a better workforce Iger says that failure should be kept in perspective as much as success is — and that it's the job of a leader to be an optimist regardless of the circumstances. "When you come to work, you've got to show enthusiasm and spirit," Iger said. "You can't let people see you brought down by the experience of failure. You don't have that luxury." In his book, Iger also points to qualities like courage, focus, decisiveness, curiosity, fairness, and thoughtfulness as essential to effective leadership. For example, Iger wrote that every leader should create an environment in which fairness flourished. "This doesn't mean that you lower your expectations or convey the message that mistakes don't matter," Iger wrote. "It means that you create an environment where people know you'll hear them out, that you're emotionally consistent and fair-minded, and that they'll be given second chances for honest mistakes." According to Iger, it's the CEO who cultivates the strategic vision of an organization. "It's the CEO who determines strategy, who is its major proponent, and who says, 'This is where we're going,'" Iger said. "You also set the standards that are applied to your company: how people behave, how they treat one another, what ethics are expected of your company and its products, and how it behaves in the world."SEE ALSO: Disney CEO Bob Iger was just named Time's 'businessperson of the year.' Here's how the media titan makes and spends his $690 million fortune. Join the conversation about this story » NOW WATCH: Taylor Swift is the world's highest-paid celebrity. Here's how she makes and spends her $360 million.
Robert A. Iger, Disney’s chief executive and chairman, had been on the board since 2011. But...Robert A. Iger, Disney’s chief executive and chairman, had been on the board since 2011. But both companies will debut streaming services next month.