Back in 2015 we at Phat Beets Produce received a curious email from a startup produce company serving the East Bay who wanted to partner with us to “support the work you do.” As a non-profit dedicated to food justice, we work with small farmers of color and young entrepreneurs through a variety of youth programs and through our small-scale BeetBox CSA–a community service agriculture enterprise that links local farmers to consumers in low-income neighborhoods. We were intrigued. The company turned out to be Imperfect Produce, a business that buys up ugly produce from large agribusiness across the globe for resale at a discount through a subscription box program. Three years later and with a 30% drop in customers at our BeetBox CSA, we realized that we were being out-competed by a startup with a glitzy marketing campaign and venture-capital funding. This corporate-supported agriculture was avidly commodifying agribusiness’ food waste and had little to do with supporting the community.
Our BeetBox CSA supports small farmers of color mostly farming under 50 acres, including a one acre youth farm at an Oakland High School. Before Imperfect Produce arrived, the BeetBox profits allowed us to supply produce to under-resourced neighborhoods, support free community meals programs and supply free fruit to a variety of youth programs. We provided food for the Self-Help Free Produce Stand, and a Rx Prescription Veggie Voucher Program at Children’s Hospital in Oakland, as well as free home delivery for EBT/SNAP/food stamp customers.
Within months of its arrival in the Bay Area, Imperfect Produce fliers were showing up on our car windows, their outreach coordinators were pitching at community meetings, their Facebook advertisements popped up daily in our feeds, and they were edging into community centers we had operated at for years. Their marketing blitz paid off. Soon, their single use cardboard boxes began lining the streets on recycling and garbage days in the East Bay. We lost customers, a lot of customers.
They were edging into community centers we had operated at for years
BeetBox subscriptions have fallen so much we’ve had to cut back on many of the food justice programs that our CSA proceeds had previously supported. Our moral economy was being gobbled up by a hungry startup parading as a social enterprise.
The Commodification of Need
Imperfect Produce claims they’re saving the world by reducing food waste–and helping farmers by buying surplus ugly produce that would have been thrown out. Sounds great. The reality is that this produce would have otherwise gone to food banks, to be redistributed for free. As social safety nets continue to get slashed and incomes stagnate, more and more people are turning to these food banks to access this imperfect produce. Imperfect Produce (the startup) is taking a cut into this same surplus, rebranding it, boxing it up in single use cardboard boxers and making a profit off of the desires of conscious consumers who want to reduce food waste.
The reality is that this produce would have otherwise gone to food banks, to be redistributed for free
On their Frequently Asked Questions section of their website, Imperfect Produce claims that the California Food Banks only take 150,000 lbs per year of produce from California Farmers as a donation, implying that the rest in going to waste. The California Association of Food Banks say they receive and redistribute 164 million lbs of fruits and veggies each year. Something smells about this strategy, and it’s not the compost.
Further Gentrification of the Food System?
Imperfect Produce reflects a very troubling trend that is undermining local, small-scale farmers and food justice initiatives, a trend that commodifies and gentrifies food waste. The company has helped to create a market for the waste created by industrial agribusiness, selling it it to conscious (rather than needy) buyers by branding it as a form of environmental activism. This produce used to be readily available to food banks but now that ugly and imperfect produce can turn a profit, they are less available to those in need. Those with limited access to fresh produce are at risk of no longer accessing free, fresh produce through the food bank and their affiliate distribution channels. Small, local and urban farmers are losing their CSAs–their lifeline to economic viability.
Supporting Farms or Agribusiness?
Ben Simon, the co-founder of Imperfect Produce, spoke about scale to the U.S.News & World Report, “[The] farmers we work with have to have enough volume for it to really make sense. We want to be able to source at least a truckload from these growers each week, so they have to be at least midsize in most cases.” Imperfect Produce is only able to make a profit by working with the larger global agribusinesses, not the picturesque small and mid-sized farms they project in their marketing campaign. They donate the ‘leftovers of their leftovers’ to non-profits and the very place that surplus produce would’ve gone to in the first place, food banks. The only thing the company has done is to fulfill their bottom line by creating another market for agribusiness’ systemic overproduction. It’s a clever money making scheme, but it certainly doesn’t help small, local farmers or address the source of waste: overproduction by industrial farms as they produce the perfect produce sold in supermarkets.
Imperfect Produce is only able to make a profit by working with the larger global agribusinesses, not the picturesque small and mid-sized farms they project in their marketing campaign
A Case of Sour Grapes?
Some may claim we have a case of sour grapes. This is capitalism at its best. While Imperfect Produce has always been a friendly bunch willing to donate their surplus, they sell a market solution disguised as activism, undermining alternative economies and social justice initiatives like those implemented by Phat Beets. They do this by commodifying food which would go to the poor for free while branding themselves as an ethical solution to food waste. Unlike CSAs, they aren’t rooted in a community economy, but the free market, investors, and higher income consumers. Small-farmers and poor communities lose out in the process.
While Imperfect Produce has always been a friendly bunch willing to donate their surplus, they sell a market solution disguised as activism, undermining alternative economies and social justice initiatives like those implemented by Phat Beets
There is no simple answer to how we deal with food waste, but commodifying it is not the solution. The US food justice movement was built on the shoulders of the the Black Panther’s Free Breakfast/Meals program and the work of the United Farm Workers that is over 50 years old, and comes straight out of North Oakland and the Central Valley of California. Following in their footsteps, our partners at organizations such Self Help Hunger Program, Food Not Bombs, Mother Wright, Qilombo, The Village, Poor News and many others are rooted in these tried and true means of healthy food distribution for the people by the people.
Re-invest in community! There are plenty of amazing local producers and distributors such as Mandela Foods, Urban Tilth, Freedom Farmers Market, Farm Fresh Choice, among many others to support and invest in through a simple internet search. In addition, Phat Beets Produce is launching an online store to host farm-based, youth-made products from across the Bay as add-ons to the BeetBox CSA. We are re-investing in local programs, reinvesting in our community, expanding our 1 acre youth farm with our community partners, strengthening our community partnerships and distribution network and asking for our communities’ support and investment. Join us investing in Restorative Economics, Youth jobs and Local foods at www.phatbeetsproduce.org/beetbox.
About this article
Phat Beets Produce is part of Oakland Communities United for Equity and Justice, a 501c(3) non-profit. Phat Beets aims to create a healthier, more equitable food system in Oakland and beyond by providing affordable access to fresh produce, facilitating youth leadership in health and nutrition education, and connecting small farmers to urban communities via the creation a CSA, community farm stands, markets, and youth entrepreneurship. Learn more at PhatBeetsProduce.org
Food First is a “people’s think tank” dedicated to ending the injustices that cause hunger and helping communities to take back control of their food systems. Our work both informs and amplifies the voices of social movements fighting for food justice and food sovereignty. Learn more at FoodFirst.org