The Coronavirus Outbreak


As consumers complain about a lack of refunds for events rescheduled over the pandemic, one state senator has taken action, and the concert giant AEG has laid out a window for returning fans’ money.

Music fans have been complaining online about being unable to secure refunds for tickets to concerts that have been postponed due to the pandemic.
Music fans have been complaining online about being unable to secure refunds for tickets to concerts that have been postponed due to the pandemic.Credit...Erika Gerdemark for The New York Times

A New York lawmaker on Thursday expressed concern about consumer accusations that Ticketmaster had changed its refund policy in the midst of the pandemic, and asked the state attorney general to open a formal investigation into the company.

A spokesman for the Attorney General declined to discuss whether the office had started a formal investigation of the sort requested by State Senator James Skoufis, chairman of the Senate Investigations and Government Operations Committee. But the spokesman said, “We are already looking into the matter.”

The Attorney General’s office said it had also independently received several complaints from ticketholders about the ticketing industry and delays for refunds on live events hit by the pandemic.

Ticketmaster has denied changing its refund policy, saying that it only clarified language on its website. And Ticketmaster maintains that it acts only on behalf of clients, like concert promoters and venues, that often have the final say about whether to refund tickets.

In a statement this week, Ticketmaster — which is owned by the concert giant Live Nation — said that its clients had already authorized refunds for more than 11,000 concerts and sporting events, including 4,000 that had been postponed.

That announcement came after consumers flooded social media with gripes over their difficulty securing refunds for postponed concerts from Ticketmaster and other big ticket vendors like StubHub, and portrayed those companies as being greedy at a time of need.

AEG Presents, Live Nation’s biggest rival, plans to start a 30-day window on May 1 for fans to request refunds for shows that have been rescheduled. After May 1, they will get 30 days from the time new dates are announced.

According to a document that AEG circulated to talent agents this week, the refunds will be offered for concerts that were postponed once the pandemic shut down the concert world last month, and have been given new dates.

AEG, which is owned by the billionaire investor Philip F. Anschutz, puts on tours by stars like Justin Bieber, Taylor Swift and Celine Dion, and also owns regional concert promoters like Goldenvoice in Los Angeles, which organizes the Coachella festival.

Around 30,000 events have already been postponed as a result of the pandemic, and tickets to many of those were sold months ago. By some estimates, consumers have spent more than $1 billion on tickets to disrupted events.

Live Nation has not set any specific timing for refunds. But in a statement, the company said: “Live Nation’s plan is to continue offering an opportunity for refunds on all of its rescheduled shows as new dates are set. We anticipate those windows will begin to open up on an event by event basis in the next few weeks.”

The issue of ticket refunds during the coronavirus pandemic has crystallized many longstanding complaints about Live Nation and Ticketmaster, which merged in 2010. A 10-year consent decree, negotiated with the Justice Department to ensure that the combined company would not exert unfair influence over the concert business, was recently extended by five years after an inquiry by federal regulators.

In his letter to the New York attorney general, Letitia James, Senator Skoufis urged her to look into what he said was a recent change of policy regarding refunds on concerts that have been postponed because of the crisis.

“I ask the Attorney General to intervene in any means necessary, including a criminal inquiry, and strongly urge these corporations to reconsider their newly adopted policies and refund consumers who are struggling to survive,” Senator Skoufis wrote.

Senator Skoufis also said that his committee had since January launched a broader investigation into practices in the ticketing industry. But he said that the cancellation of thousands of concerts since the virus struck had given new impetus to look at Ticketmaster’s practices on refunds.

“Deceptively changing the language of refund policies and excluding postponed or rescheduled events are forms of corporate robbery,” Senator Skoufis said in a statement. “Withholding billions of dollars that many now need to survive this pandemic is the antithesis of corporate social responsibility.”

“Ticketmaster is a sales platform and does not hold all customer dollars,” Ticketmaster said in a statement. “Revenue from ticket sales is held by our clients and event organizers. The entire industry is working through these unprecedented times to reschedule as many of the tens of thousands of disrupted events as possible or cancel them.”

“We believe the vast majority of our clients will open full refund opportunities once they have had time to determine if it is realistic to reschedule them or not,” the statement continued, “and we welcome the opportunity to work with legislators and regulators to ensure consumers and the industry are well protected.”

Ticketmaster recently adjusted some of the language on its website about when ticket refunds are available. Whereas a few weeks ago, it said that people can get their money back “if your event is postponed, rescheduled or canceled,” now it only lists cancellation as a basis for refunds, though it suggests there may be other circumstances in which they might be considered. Ticketmaster says this is not a change in policy and that its refund policy has remained the same for years.

Ticketmaster, which processes more than $30 billion in ticket sales each year, acts on behalf of concert venues and promoters. For events that are canceled outright, Ticketmaster says that it offers refunds within 30 days. But for shows that are postponed or whose status is in doubt, it relies on venues and promoters to decide whether tickets should be refunded — and in many of those cases, the promoter or venue may be controlled by Live Nation.

Beyond the refunds for shows that have already been postponed, the concert world — which had expected 2020 to be a banner year — has been in a state of deep anxiety about when artists will be able to tour again, and when the public will feel comfortable with the elbow-to-elbow proximity of an arena or club.

While some events have been rescheduled for later this year, many talent agents and industry executives say that they do not expect tours to resume full-steam until 2021. And in a recent note to investors, Morgan Stanley predicted that it may take until 2022 for Live Nation to return to the level of profitability it had last year.

  • Updated April 11, 2020

    • This is a difficult question, because a lot depends on how well the virus is contained. A better question might be: “How will we know when to reopen the country?” In an American Enterprise Institute report, Scott Gottlieb, Caitlin Rivers, Mark B. McClellan, Lauren Silvis and Crystal Watson staked out four goal posts for recovery: Hospitals in the state must be able to safely treat all patients requiring hospitalization, without resorting to crisis standards of care; the state needs to be able to at least test everyone who has symptoms; the state is able to conduct monitoring of confirmed cases and contacts; and there must be a sustained reduction in cases for at least 14 days.

    • If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or symptoms like a cough or difficulty breathing, call a doctor. They should give you advice on whether you should be tested, how to get tested, and how to seek medical treatment without potentially infecting or exposing others.

    • The C.D.C. has recommended that all Americans wear cloth masks if they go out in public. This is a shift in federal guidance reflecting new concerns that the coronavirus is being spread by infected people who have no symptoms. Until now, the C.D.C., like the W.H.O., has advised that ordinary people don’t need to wear masks unless they are sick and coughing. Part of the reason was to preserve medical-grade masks for health care workers who desperately need them at a time when they are in continuously short supply. Masks don’t replace hand washing and social distancing.

    • It seems to spread very easily from person to person, especially in homes, hospitals and other confined spaces. The pathogen can be carried on tiny respiratory droplets that fall as they are coughed or sneezed out. It may also be transmitted when we touch a contaminated surface and then touch our face.

    • No. Clinical trials are underway in the United States, China and Europe. But American officials and pharmaceutical executives have said that a vaccine remains at least 12 to 18 months away.

    • Unlike the flu, there is no known treatment or vaccine, and little is known about this particular virus so far. It seems to be more lethal than the flu, but the numbers are still uncertain. And it hits the elderly and those with underlying conditions — not just those with respiratory diseases — particularly hard.

    • If the family member doesn’t need hospitalization and can be cared for at home, you should help him or her with basic needs and monitor the symptoms, while also keeping as much distance as possible, according to guidelines issued by the C.D.C. If there’s space, the sick family member should stay in a separate room and use a separate bathroom. If masks are available, both the sick person and the caregiver should wear them when the caregiver enters the room. Make sure not to share any dishes or other household items and to regularly clean surfaces like counters, doorknobs, toilets and tables. Don’t forget to wash your hands frequently.

    • Plan two weeks of meals if possible. But people should not hoard food or supplies. Despite the empty shelves, the supply chain remains strong. And remember to wipe the handle of the grocery cart with a disinfecting wipe and wash your hands as soon as you get home.

    • That’s not a good idea. Even if you’re retired, having a balanced portfolio of stocks and bonds so that your money keeps up with inflation, or even grows, makes sense. But retirees may want to think about having enough cash set aside for a year’s worth of living expenses and big payments needed over the next five years.