It is a sperm injection that is given to the eggs directly. It is similar to the IVF procedure except for how fertilization is achieved. It consists of the following steps-:
- Collection of sperm
- Extraction of eggs from the woman
- Fertilization of the eggs by picking up a single sperm using a glass needle.
- Observation of embryos
- Transfer of embryos into the uterus of the woman
ICSI is required in cases where, the male partner suffers from a low sperm count, if there are problems with the morphology of the sperm, and the sperm has to be retrieved surgically from the epididymis through MESA or TESA.
It is also known as Gamete cryopreservation. It refers to the freezing of the sperm and storing it a very low temperature for a long period. It is a good option for people who have a problem with their sperm count or morphology. Men who want to become a father but do not have a sperm count high enough can use this procedure. The semen should be brought in within 1 hour of being produced if the sample is brought from somewhere outside the lab. The lab tests the sample for quantity and quality. The remaining sample is divided into multiple vials whose number is dependent on the sample's total volume and the quantity of mobile sperms occurring in each millilitre
It is a procedure that involves the examination of the uterus using a hysteroscope. It is generally used for diagnosing and treating the causes of abnormal bleeding. It enables the doctor to look inside the uterus and observe its condition. Diagnostic Hysteroscopy can be used in conjunction with other procedures like laparoscopy, dilation, and curettage, etc. During laparoscopy, the doctor inserts an endoscope into the abdomen of the woman to get a view of the uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. The incision for inserting the endoscope is made under the navel in the abdomen area. In Operative hysteroscopy, the diagnosis, as well as the treatment of the problem, is undertaken at the same time.