Aung San Suu Kyi to Lead Myanmar Team to Fight Genocide Accusation

The country’s military has been accused of carrying out mass rapes and killings against the Rohingya.

Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar’s state counselor and foreign minister, at an event in Myanmar in July.
Aung San Suu Kyi, Myanmar’s state counselor and foreign minister, at an event in Myanmar in July.Credit...Ann Wang/Reuters

RYANGON, Myanmar (AP) — Myanmar’s government announced on Wednesday that its leader, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, will head a legal team it will send to the International Court of Justice in the Netherlands to contest a case of genocide filed against it.

The announcement was posted on the Facebook page of the office of the state counselor, a position Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi holds along with that of foreign minister. Myanmar’s government releases much public information on Facebook.

The country’s military has been accused of carrying out mass rapes, killings and the torching of homes during a counterinsurgency campaign launched in western Myanmar in August 2017 after rebel attacks.

The violence sent more than 700,000 members of the Muslim Rohingya minority fleeing to neighboring Bangladesh. Myanmar’s population is overwhelmingly Buddhist.

The case was filed by Gambia on behalf of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation. When filing the case, Gambia’s justice minister and attorney general, Abubacarr Marie Tambadou, told The Associated Press he wanted to “send a clear message to Myanmar and to the rest of the international community that the world must not stand by and do nothing in the face of terrible atrocities that are occurring around us. It is a shame for our generation that we do nothing while genocide is unfolding right before our own eyes.”

The head of a U.N. fact-finding mission on Myanmar warned last month that “there is a serious risk of genocide recurring,” and the mission also said in its final report in September that Myanmar should be held responsible in international legal forums for alleged genocide against the Rohingya.

Myanmar has strongly denied carrying out organized human rights abuses. The brief announcement on Wednesday night on the effort “to defend Myanmar’s national interest” did not specify that Gambia’s application to the court involved genocide, but said it was “with regard to the displaced persons from the Rakhine state,” the area from which the Rohingya fled.

It said Myanmar has retained prominent international lawyers to contest the case, and that Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi will lead the team in her capacity as foreign minister. The announcement did not mention a date for the mission to the court, but the court said on Monday that it would hold public hearings on Dec. 10-12.

On Friday, Myanmar’s government rejected the International Criminal Court’s decision to allow prosecutors to open an investigation into crimes committed against the Rohingya Muslim minority. Government spokesman Zaw Htay said Myanmar stood by its position that the Netherlands-based court has no jurisdiction over its actions because Myanmar was not a party to the agreement establishing the court.

The court’s position is that because Myanmar’s alleged atrocities sent more than 700,000 Rohingya fleeing to Bangladesh for safety, it does have jurisdiction since Bangladesh is a party to the court and the case may involve forced deportation.

The International Court of Justice settles disputes between nations, while the International Criminal Court seeks to convict individuals responsible for crimes. Member states of the United Nations are automatically parties to the court, though they must also consent to its jurisdiction. Both courts are based in The Hague.

Akila Radhakrishnan, president of the New York-based Global Justice Center which promotes enforcement of international laws protecting human rights and promoting gender equality, said Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi and Myanmar’s civilian government “failed to act against genocide in Rakhine State with any level of urgency and have taken no steps to hold the military to account.”

The international community should no longer have illusions where Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi and the civilian government stand and must act to support The Gambia and take other measures to hold Myanmar accountable,” Radhakrishnan said in a statement.